"Terracotta stamps used for decorating tissues suggest weaving workshops, an industry typical for southern Mesopotamian cities." The city is thought to have been an independent administrative seat for a dignitary who ruled the vast fertile land near the river.
With the rise of the Assyrian empire in the 2nd millennium BCE, Xarab-i Kilashin went into decline.
"We are not ready to discuss or have a dialogue about the results of the referendum because it is unconstitutional," Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi said in a speech on Monday night.
Ths US also repeatedly attempted to persuade the KRG to delay the referendum, fearing further friction between Irbil and Baghdad could derail the fight against Isis and Iraq's fragile peace.
The proposed investment would go toward building houses, apartments, offices, hotels, and parks. The Family Mall that Erbil opened in 2010 with over 100 retail stores that carry major Western brands like Zara, DKNY, Rolex, Armani, and Levi's.
Increasing unrest there in recent days has led to worries that the likely "yes" result could lead to Arab-Kurdish violence.
Besides Xarab-i Kilashin, the archaeologists discovered about 260 new settlements, increasing the known number in the little-studied area five-fold.
The team used satellite images, records from the State Board of Antiquities and Heritage in Baghdad, fieldwork and interviews with local people to identify sites of historical importance.
"This referendum decision, which has been taken without any consultation, is treachery." Iraq's Kurds would starve, he added, if Turkey decided to close its long border with northern Iraq, warning that economic and military action were both options on the table for Ankara.
The Kurdish people – who number roughly 30 million across several countries – were left stateless when the Ottoman Empire collapsed a century ago.