Criminal activity became organized and led to the rise of powerful crime syndicates that used murder, and the bribery of public officials and even law enforcement officers, to move large quantities of the illegal substance.
Drug use increased, with drugs taking the place of alcohol. Jails filled with people convicted of relatively minor infractions of the alcohol ban. Congress repealed the 18th Amendment with the passage of the 21st Amendment in 1933.
The cartoon alludes to Al Smith's Democratic candidacy for the Presidency in the 1928 election. In October, 1931, hunters alerted the Patterson Fire Department of a fire in a house located near Towners.
Firemen found the house to be unoccupied, but discovered an illegal beer brewery.
This legislation banned the sale of beer and alcoholic beverages having an alcohol content greater than 2.75%. The 18th Amendment was ratified in January, 1919, and would take effect on January 17, 1920.
By the time of the repeal of the 18th Amendment in 1933, it was obvious that the measure was a failure.
And it was not much of a secret that the number of illegal "speakeasies" serving alcohol far outnumbered the number of restaurants and bars that had previously sold alcoholic beverages legally before the ban began in 1920.
Juvenile delinquency was also supposed to be virtually eliminated, and the average workers productivity was also supposed to increase, leading to an increase in economic prosperity for the nation.
While the ratification process for the 18th Amendment continued, Congress passed the Wartime Prohibition Act on November 18, 1918, even thought the Armistice ending the war had just been signed on November 8.
The attempt to decrease the "evils" of alcohol actually created more - and new - types of crime.
Temperance movements had swept through portions of the United States throughout the 19th century, but it was World War I that provided the first opportunity for the anti-alcohol movement to enact a national ban on alcohol.